Electronic Cigarettes: What Are They?
Electronic cigarettes are also known as e-cigarettes or vaporizer cigarettes. They allow people to inhale vaporized nicotine, without all the tar and other chemicals that cigarettes have that cause the health problems. There are more than 4,000 chemicals in tobacco according to manufacturers; all of which cause some damage to the health of the smoker and people around them. There are other non-nicotine options available, for those who want to cut their addiction and stop smoking anything. The devices are operated through a battery, which needs charging now and then.
By smoking an e-cigarette, people go through the same motions and gain a similar sensation, according to many users and the manufacturers. The benefit is that there is no smoke afterwards that is created by the tobacco.
These devices do look very similar to cigarettes and it can cause problems at first, especially when used indoors. There are variations of the device, which look like pipes and cigars, to suit the type of item you prefer smoking. Other variations are starting to come out that look more like biros, so there are fewer problems when using them indoors. Very few are designed to be disposable. While the batteries are rechargeable, the nicotine cartridges are refillable or replaceable, depending on the type bought.
The Introduction of Electronic Cigarettes
The first e-cig was in China back in 2004. It was invented the year before by Chinese pharmacist, Hon Lik. By 2005, Lik’s employer, Golden Dragon Holdings, started exporting it and the name of the company changed to Ruyan.
However, the earliest indication that a smokeless cigarette was possible was back in 1963. Herbert A. Gilbert patented a non-tobacco device that was completely smokeless. It used paper and flavored air instead of tobacco, which was mixed with the nicotine. However, it wasn’t commercialized, despite being popular with a number of companies. After 1967, there is no public record of the device.
Components of the E-Cigarette
Using the device is extremely simple. A person uses it in the exact same way they would with any normal cigarette. When the user sucks on the end, the heating element is prompted by a sensor to send the vaporized solution up the mouthpieces. This solution can be flavored if the user prefers and there are many different options now available. However, initially, the devices had an on/off switch. Users would need to flick this to prompt the heating element. The user knows that the device is working because the tip lights up with an LED light.
Within the device, there is the heating element and battery. There is also a mouthpiece and a few electronic circuits to make the device work.
The mouthpiece:this is usually referred to as the cartridge, which is fixed to the tube. The solution covers a small plastic cup inside the piece. There are different nicotine levels within the solution. There are two main types of mouthpieces available: those that are refillable and those that are replaceable.
Drip tips are available if you don’t want a cartridge. These have material within them that absorbs the solution and are then placed inside the atomizer bridge.
The atomizer: You currently know this as the heating element. It works to heat the solution so the vapor can travel up the mouthpiece and be inhaled by the user. This does need replacing around every three to six months.
Electronic components, including the battery: A lithium-ion rechargeable battery is mainly used to power the atomizer. Like any rechargeable battery, its life and charge is affected by the type, size and use. When it comes to size, the battery is normally the biggest part of the whole cigarette. You will see the LED light up when the device is working and in use. If you have an older version, it is important to turn off the heating element when not in use to save battery power.
The Ingredients Within the Cartridges
You will usually hear the vaporized solution being called e-juice or e-liquid and there are many different flavors available. There is also a smoke-free version, which uses propylene glycol or vegetable glycerin (sometimes both together) to dissolve the nicotine in. These are both very common additives in food. The propylene glycol has been used in asthma inhalers and nebulizers since around 1950 and experts state serious side effects aren’t a problem, as of yet. Even the FDA has included it as one of the generally recognized as safe (GRAS) additives.
There are different levels of concentrations for the nicotine. They range between 0 and 24-36 mg/ml. The latter is extra high. These are great to help wean someone off a nicotine addiction without opting for going cold turkey.
There is an attempt to resemble the traditional cigarettes through taste, with combinations of using menthol and tobacco flavors. However, others offer varying flavors to suit those who want something pleasant all the time. Some of the flavors include berries, mango, melon and even pancakes! There are also claims from some manufacturers that the flavors can mimic those of certain tobacco brands to make the switch easier.
Article Posted: 21/11/2013 01:00:01
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